The NGO Safety Program (NSP) for Somalia / Somaliland is a program created by NGOs, which aims at contributing to International and National NGOs operating safely and securely in Somalia / Somaliland.
NSP, initially called the NGO Security Preparedness and Support (NGO SPAS), was established in 2004 by NGOs operating in Somalia / Somaliland. One of the driving forces that gave rise to the program was the targeted killing of five aid workers between 2003 and 2004 and the realization that the operating environment for national and international NGOs was changing rapidly. Today, Somalia is considered as one of the most challenging context in terms of security for NGOs.
Based on similar programs around the world like ANSO, the specific objective of NSP is to ensure 'NGOs operating in Somalia are receiving relevant and efficient support and preparation in terms of security'.
The 3 maps combined give a good overview of the security, access, and geopolitics context evolution of Somalia. These maps are updated every 1 or 2 months
- Risk map: show unmitigated risks for NGOs, based on a district analysis of 19 threats (Kidnapping, IEDs and grenade, clan conflict, cars accidents etc...)
- Access map: show the difficulty to conduct operations for NGOs, based on a district analysis of 8 access factors (UN presence, NGO presence, administrative constraints, airports availability, security contraints baed on NSP risk map etc...). This map is produced in partnership with OCHA Somalia.
- Area of Influence map : on request by Country director personally known to NSP management only. For confidentiality reasons, NSP keeps the right to refuse to distribute this map.
Other reference maps: you can find in this section other NSP maps of interest, particularly maps showing critical incidents affecting humanitarian aid workers, and administrative maps of Somalia / Somaliland.